Long-term Workhouse Inmates in Billericay Union, Essex, 1861

In 1861, the Poor Law Board published a return of the name every adult pauper who had been a workhouse inmate for a continuous period of five years or more, together with the duration of their residence (in years and months), the reason for it, and whether they had been brought up in a District or separate Workhouse School. It was noted that the term 'District School' had been widely misinterpreted by respondents as meaning any school in the local area, such as a national or private school, and that there was only one instance in the whole report of an inmate actually having been in such a school.

NameYrsms.ReasonSchool
William Willey150Weakness of mind and bodyno.
William Speeding240Idiotno.
John Franklin80Deficient eyesightno.
William Swan100Idiotno.
Jonathan Webb50Deficient eyesightno.
William Chaplin80Weakness of mind and bodyno.
John Little100Old age and infirmityno.
Jacob Daniells80dittono.
James Lazzell50dittono.
William Lazell80dittono.
James Rolph60dittono.
William Jenkins70dittono.
William Stratford80dittono.
William Fitch80dittono.
John Steel60dittono.
Peter Fitch110dittono.
James Marsh80dittono.
Edwin Martin120Deficient eyesightno.
Thomas Harrod140Old age and infirmityno.
James Tarling50Blindno.
William Price70Old age and infirmityno.
William Banbrook60Paralysisno.
John Gibbons50dittono.
Joseph Townsend70Old age and infirmityno.
John Miles110dittono.
Henry Rolph70Paralysisno.
John Sewell50dittono.
Sarah Fewell110Subject to epileptic fitsno.
Sophia Branch120Blindno.
Susan Bettis180dittono.
Harriet Woodfine200Subject to epileptic fitsyes.
Mary Playle190Deficient eyesightno.
Mary Fielding70Old age and infirmityno.
Mary Reynolds110Deserted by husband, with children dependent on her.no.
Mary Franklin80Old age and infirmityno.
Sarah Miller150dittono.
Elizabeth Willey150dittono.
Elizabeth Argent80dittono.
Elizabeth Tyler130dittono.
Sarah Platt120Weakness of mind and bodyyes.
Eliza Boatman120dittoyes.
Elizabeth Walker90Old age and infirmityno.
Ann Walker90Weakness of body; is deformedyes.
Martha Wright150Cancer on lipyes.
Elizabeth Crix50Old age and infirmityno.
Rachel Milbank50Imbecileno.
Eliza Kirby160Has children dependent on herno.

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