Workhouses and Poor Law Unions in England

Early workhouses were usually administered by single parishes, but groups or unions of parishes later took on this role, with the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act creating a system of Poor Law Unions across the whole of England and Wales. This page gives a county-by-county guide to the post-1834 unions in England. (Where unions included parishes in more than one county, the one generally used in poor law records is given. GU/GP=Gilbert Union/Parish; SD=School District.)

Bedfordshire
Ampthill, Bedford, Biggleswade, Leighton Buzzard, Luton, Woburn
Berkshire
Abingdon, Bradfield, Cookham, Easthampstead, Faringdon, Hungerford (& Ramsbury), Maidenhead, Newbury, Reading, Reading & Wokingham SD, Wallingford, Wantage, Windsor, Wokingham
Buckinghamshire
Amersham, Aylesbury, Buckingham, Eton, Newport Pagnell, Winslow, Wycombe
Cambridgeshire
Cambridge, Caxton & Arrington, Chesterton, Ely, Linton, Newmarket, North Witchford, Whittlesey, Wisbech
Channel Islands
Guernsey, Jersey
Cheshire
Altrincham, Birkenhead, Bucklow, Chester, Congleton, Great Boughton, Macclesfield, Nantwich, Northwich, Runcorn, Stockport, Tarvin, Wirral
Cornwall
Bodmin, Camelford, Falmouth, Helston, Launceston, Liskeard, Penzance, Redruth, St Austell, St Columb Major, St Germans, Stratton, Truro
Cumberland
Alston with Garrigill, Bootle, Brampton, Carlisle, Cockermouth, Longtown, Penrith, Whitehaven, Wigton
Derbyshire
Ashbourne, Bakewell, Belper, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Chesterfield, Derby, Glossop, Hayfield, Shardlow
Devon
Axminster, Barnstaple, Bideford, Crediton, Devonport, East Stonehouse, Exeter, Holsworthy, Honiton, Kingsbridge, Newton Abbot, Okehampton, Plymouth, Plympton St Mary, South Molton, St Thomas, Stoke Damerel, Tavistock, Tiverton, Torrington, Totnes
Dorset
Beaminster, Blandford, Bridport, Cerne, Cranborne Dorchester, Poole, Purbeck, Shaftesbury, Sherborne, Sturminster, Wareham & Purbeck, Weymouth, Wimborne & Cranborne
County Durham
(Bishop) Auckland, Chester-le-Street, Darlington, Durham, Easington, Gateshead, Hartlepool, Houghton-le-Spring, Lanchester, Sedgefield, South Shields, Stockton-on-Tees, Sunderland, Teesdale, Weardale
Essex
Billericay, Braintree, Chelmsford, Colchester, Dunmow, Epping, Halstead, Lexden & Winstree, Maldon, Ongar, Orsett, Rochford, Romford, Saffron Walden, Tendring, West Ham, Witham
Gloucestershire
Barton Regis, Bristol Incorporation, Cheltenham, Chipping Sodbury, Cirencester, Clifton, Dursley, Gloucester, Newent, Northleach, Stow-on-the-Wold, Stroud, Tetbury, Tewkesbury, Thornbury, Westbury-on-Severn, Wheatenhurst, Winchcomb
Hampshire
Aldershot GP, Alresford, Alton, Alverstoke GP, Andover, Basingstoke, Bournemouth, Catherington, Christchurch, Droxford, Eastleigh, Fareham, Farnborough GU, Farnham & Hartley Wintney SD, Fordingbridge, Hartley Wintney, Havant, Headley GU, Hursley, Isle of Wight, Kingsclere, Lymington, New Forest, Petersfield, Portsea Island, Portsmouth, Ringwood, Romsey, South Stoneham, Southampton, Stockbridge, Whitchurch, New Winchester
Herefordshire
Bromyard, Dore, Hereford, Kington, Ledbury, Leominster, Ross, Weobley
Hertfordshire
Barnet, Berkhampstead, Bishop's Stortford, Buntingford, Hatfield, Hemel Hempstead, Hertford, Hitchin, Royston, St Albans, Ware, Watford, Welwyn
Huntingdonshire
Huntingdon, St Ives, St Neots
Isle of Man
Isle of Man
Kent
Blean, Bridge, Bromley, Canterbury, Cranbrook, Dartford, Dover, East Ashford, Eastry, Elham, Faversham, Gravesend & Milton, Hollingbourne, Hoo, Isle of Thanet, Maidstone, Malling, Medway, Milton Regis, North Aylesford, Penshurst, River, Romney Marsh, Sevenoaks, Sheppey, Strood, Tenterden, Tonbridge, West Ashford
Lancashire
Ashton-under-Lyne, Barrow-in-Furness, Barton-upon-Irwell, Blackburn, Bolton, Burnley, Bury, Caton GU, Chorley, Chorlton, Clitheroe, Fylde, Garstang, Haslingden, Lancaster, Leigh, Liverpool, Lunesdale, Manchester, Oldham, Ormskirk, Prescot, Preston, Prestwich, Rochdale, Salford, Toxteth Park, Ulverston, Warrington, West Derby, Wigan
Leicestershire
Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Barrow-upon-Soar, Billesdon, Blaby, Hinckley, Leicester, Loughborough, Lutterworth, Market Bosworth, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray
Lincolnshire
Boston, Bourne, Caistor, Gainsborough, Glanford Brigg, Grantham, Grimsby, Holbeach, Horncastle, Lincoln, Louth, Sleaford, Spalding, Spilsby, Stamford
London - Kent
Greenwich, Lewisham, Woolwich.
London - Middlesex
Bethnal Green (St Matthew), Bloomsbury (St Giles-in-the-Fields & St George), Chelsea (St Luke), City of London, City of Westminster, Clerkenwell (St James & St John), East London, Fulham, St George's, St George in the East, St George's Hanover Square, Hackney, Hammersmith, Hampstead (St John), Holborn, Islington (St Mary), Kensington, Mile End Old Town, St Luke's (Middlesex), St Martin-in-the-Fields, St Marylebone, Paddington, St Pancras, Poplar, Shoreditch (St Leonard's), St Sepulchre, Stepney, Strand, West London, Westminster (St James), Westminster (St Margaret & St John), Westminster Union, Whitechapel
London - Surrey
Bermondsey (St Mary Magdalen), Camberwell (St Giles), Lambeth (St Mary), Newington (St Mary), Rotherhithe (St Mary), Southwark (St George the Martyr), St Olave, St Saviour's, Wandsworth & Clapham
London Metropolitan School Districts
Brentwood SD, Central London SD, Finsbury SD, Forest Gate SD, Kensington & Chelsea SD, North Surrey SD, South Metropolitan SD, West London SD
London Metropolitan Sick Asylum Districts
Central London SAD, Finsbury SAD, Kensington SAD, Newington SAD, Poplar and Stepney SAD Rotherhithe SAD
Metropolitan Asylums Board
List of MAB institutions
Middlesex
Brentford, Edmonton, Hendon, Staines, Uxbridge, Willesden
Norfolk
Acle GU, Aldborough GU, Aylsham, Bawdeswell GU, Blofield, Booton GU, Brinton and Melton Constable GU, Depwade, Docking, Downham, Erpingham, East & West Flegg, Forehoe, Freebridge Lynn, Gimingham GU, (Great) Yarmouth, Guiltcross, Hackford GU, Henstead, King's Lynn, Loddon & Clavering, Mitford & Launditch, Norwich, Oulton GU, St Faith's, Swaffham, Thetford, Tunstead & Happing (Smallburgh), Walsingham, Wayland
Northamptonshire
Brackley, Brixworth, Daventry, Hardingstone, Kettering, Northampton, Oundle, Peterborough, Potterspury, Thrapston, Towcester, Wellingborough
Northumberland
Alnwick, Belford, Bellingham, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Castle Ward, Glendale, Haltwhistle, Hexham, Morpeth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Rothbury, Tynemouth
Nottinghamshire
Basford, Bingham, East Retford, Mansfield, Newark, Nottingham, Radford, Southwell, Thurgarton Incorporation, Worksop
Oxfordshire
Banbury, Bicester, Chipping Norton, Headington, Henley, Oxford, Thame, Witney, Woodstock
Rutland
Oakham, Uppingham
Shropshire (Salop)
Atcham (& Shrewsbury), Bridgnorth, Church Stretton, Cleobury Mortimer, Clun, (Market) Drayton, Ellesmere, Ludlow, Madeley, Newport, Oswestry, Shifnal, Shrewsbury, South-East Shropshire SD, Wellington, Wem, Whitchurch
Somerset
Axbridge, Bath, Bedminster, Bridgwater, Chard, Clutton, Dulverton, Frome, Keynsham, Langport, Long Ashton, Shepton Mallet, Taunton, Wellington, Wells, Williton, Wincanton, Yeovil
Staffordshire
Alstonfield GU, Burton Upon Trent, Cannock, Cheadle, Leek, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Penkridge, Seisdon, Stafford, Stoke-upon-Trent, Stone, Tamworth, Uttoxeter, Walsall, Walsall & West Bromwich SD, West Bromwich, Wolstanton & Burslem, Wolverhampton
Suffolk
Blything, Bosmere & Claydon, Bury St Edmunds, Colneis & Carlford Cosford, Hartismere, Hoxne, Ipswich, Loes and Wilford, Mildenhall, Mutford & Lothingland, Plomesgate, Risbridge, Samford, Stow, Sudbury, Thingoe, Wangford, Woodbridge
Surrey
Ash GU, Chertsey, Croydon, Dorking, Epsom, Farnham, Godstone, Guildford, Hambledon, Kingston, Reigate, Richmond
Sussex
Arundel, Battle, Brighton, Chailey, Chichester, Cuckfield, East Grinstead, East Preston, Eastbourne, Hailsham, Hastings, Horsham, Lewes, Midhurst, Newhaven, Petworth, Rye, Steyning, Sutton GU, Thakeham, Ticehurst, Uckfield, Westbourne, West Firle, West Hampnett (Westhampnett)
Warwickshire
Alcester, Aston, Atherstone, Bedworth GU, Birmingham, Coventry, Foleshill, Meriden, Nuneaton, Rugby, Solihull, Southam, Stratford-on-Avon, Warwick
Westmorland
East Ward, Kendal, West Ward
Wiltshire
Alderbury (Salisbury), Amesbury, Bradford on Avon, Calne, Chippenham, Cricklade & Wootton Bassett, Devizes, Highworth & Swindon, Malmesbury, Marlborough, Melksham, Mere, Pewsey, Salisbury, Tisbury, Trowbridge, Warminster, Westbury & Whorwellsdown, Wilton
Worcestershire
Bromsgrove, Droitwich, Dudley, Evesham, Kidderminster, King's Norton, Martley, Pershore, Shipston-on-Stour, Stourbridge, Tenbury, Upton-upon-Severn, Worcester
Yorkshire, East Riding
Beverley, Bridlington, Driffield, Howden, Kingston upon Hull, Patrington, Pocklington, Sculcoates, Skirlaugh, York
Yorkshire, North Riding
Aysgarth, Bainbridge GU, Bedale, Easingwold, Guisborough, Helmsley, Kirkby Moorside, Leyburn, Malton, Middlesbrough, Northallerton, Pickering, Reeth, Richmond, Scarborough, Stokesley, Thirsk, Whitby
Yorkshire, West Riding
Barnsley, Barwick-in-Elmet GU, Bradford, Bramley, Carlton GU, Dewsbury, Doncaster, Ecclesall Bierlow, Goole, Great Ouseburn, Great Preston GU, Halifax, Hemsworth, Holbeck, Huddersfield, Hunslet, Keighley, Knaresborough, Leeds, North Bierley, Pateley Bridge, Penistone, Pontefract, Ripon, Rotherham, Saddleworth, Sedbergh, Selby, Settle, Sheffield, Skipton, Tadcaster, Thorne, Todmorden, Wakefield, Wetherby, Wharfedale, Wortley

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