Poorhouses in Scotland

After 1845, parishes in Scotland could choose to set up workhouses or, as happened in a large proportion of cases, just to give out-relief. The parishes or Combinations (Unions) of parishes that did operate formally constituted workhouses — more usually called poorhouses or poor's houses — are listed below. Note that where a Combination includes parishes in more than one county, its placement is based on the location of the poorhouse.

More than a hundred Scottish parishes also operated a variety small local establishments variously known as almshouses, parish lodging houses, or parish homes — these are listed on a separate page.

Aberdeenshire
Aberdeen, Buchan Combination (Maud), Old Machar (Aberdeen)
Angus (Forfarshire)
Arbroath and St Vigean's Combination, Brechin Almshouse, Dundee Combination, Forfar, Kirriemuir Almshouse.
Argyllshire
Campbeltown, Islay Combination, Lorn Combination (Oban), Lochgilphead Combination, Mull Combination
Ayrshire
Ayr, Cunninghame Combination (Irvine), Kyle Combination (Ayr), Maybole Combination
Banffshire
Rathven (Parish Hospital)
Berwickshire
(parts included in Kelso Combination)
Bute
Rothesay
Caithness
Latheron Combination, Thurso Combination
Clackmannanshire
(see Stirling Combination)
Dumfries-shire
Dumfries, Kirkpatrick-Fleming (Notwen) Combination, Upper Nithsdale Combination
Dunbartonshire
Dumbarton Combination
East Lothian (Haddingtonshire)
East Lothian Combination
Elgin
(See Morayshire)
Fife
Dunfermline Combination, Dysart Combination, Kirkcaldy Combination
Forfarshire
(See Angus)
Haddingtonshire
(See East Lothian)
Inverness-shire
Inverness, Long Island Combination, Skye Combination
Kincardineshire
Kincardineshire Combination
Kinross-shire
(None known)
Kirkcudbrightshire
Kirkcudbright Combination
Lanarkshire
Barony (Glasgow), Cambusnethan Combination, Dalziel (Motherwell), Glasgow City, Govan Combination, Hamilton Combination, Lanark, New Monkland, Old Monkland, Omoa Combination
Linlithgowshire
(See West Lothian)
Midlothian
Edinburgh, Dalkeith Combination, Inveresk Combination, North Leith, South Leith, St Cuthbert's Combination (Edinburgh)
Morayshire (Elgin)
Morayshire Combination
Nairn
Nairn Combination
Orkney
Orkney Combination
Peebles-shire
Peebles Combination
Perth
Athole and Breadalbane Combination, Perth, Upper Strathearn Combination
Renfrewshire
Abbey (Paisley), Busby, Greenock, Paisley, Renfrewshire Combination
Ross and Cromarty
Black Isle Combination (Fortrose), Easter Ross Combination (Tain), Lews (Lewis) Combination
Roxburghshire
Hawick Combination, Jedburgh Combination, Kelso Combination, (parts also included in Galashiels Combination)
Selkirkshire
Galashiels Combination
Shetland (Zetland)
Shetland Combination
Stirlingshire
Falkirk, Stirling Combination
Sutherland
Sutherland Combination (Stonehaven)
Wigtownshire
Rhins of Galloway Combination, Wigtownshire Combination (Stranraer)
West Lothian (Linlithgowshire)
Linlithgow Combination
Zetland
(See Shetland)

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