New! childrenshomes.org.uk - details of 100s of former children's homes.

Parish Workhouses

[An Account of Several Work-houses...]  [Parliamentary Reports] [Quaker Workhouses]

Prior to 1834, under the Old Poor Law, the primary responsibility for poor relief — including the operation of workhouses — was placed with the parish. Examples of early parish workhouses can be seen at places such as Chichester (from about 1681), Witham (1714), and Mildenhall (1720)

Witham parish workhouse, 2002.
© Peter Higginbotham.

A significant impetus to the provision of parish workhouses was Knatchbull's Act of 1723 which introduced the 'workhouse test' whereby a pauper would only be granted poor relief through being admitted to a workhouse. In the wake of Knatchbull's Act, several hundred parish workhouses were set up.

Unlike the large union workhouses erected following the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act, parish workhouses were generally small establishments, and often in rented existing buildings rather than specially built premises. The running of workhouses was often handed over to a contractor who would, for an agreed price, feed and house the poor. He would also provide the inmates with work and benefit from any income generated. This system was known as 'farming' the poor.

Sometimes a parish might run a workhouse for a few years, then give up on the practice, only to try it again a decade or two later in different premises. It is therefore difficult to give any definitive list of where parish workhouses operated.

An Account of Several Work-houses...

An Account of Several Work-houses for Employing and Maintaining the Poor published, anonymously, by SPCK (the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge) was one of the earliest directories of parish workhouses in England. In the early 18th century, SPCK was a small but influential London-based organisation which strongly promoted the use of workhouses. SPCK published a variety of resources such as recommendations for masters, guides to rules and diets etc. In many respects, their 'An Account of Several Work-houses...' was a practical guide to the setting up and running of a workhouse.

The first edition of 1725 listed 126 establishments, while an enlarged edition of 1732 added a further 55. (According to Slack (1990), the total number of workhouses in operation nationwide by 1732 may have been more than 700.) The Account's list, given below, included a small number of Charity Schools for Work and Labour (indicated by a '*') although many of these appear also to have accommodated adults. Spellings are as in original sources.

Bedfordshire
Ampthill, Bedford—St Cuthbert, Bedford—St Mary, Bedford—St Paul, Biggleswade, Cranfield, Kempston, Layghton, Lidlington, Luton, Shefford Cum Compton, Steventon, Turvey.
Berkshire
*Blewbury, Faringdon, Newbury, Reading.
Buckinghamshire
Agmondesham [Amersham], Ailesbury, Asheton Clenton, Buckingham, Hanslope, Lavington, Newport Pagnell, North Crowle, Olney, Wingrave, Winslow.
Cambridgeshire
Chateris, Ely, Mershe, Wisbeche, Wittlesea.
Cheshire
Knutsford, Stockport.
Devonshire
Exeter, *Plimouth, Tiverton.
Essex
Baddow, Billerica, Braintree, Brentwood, Barking alias Bury-king, Chelmsford, Colchester, Eppin, Fobbin, Grayes, Harlow, Hatfield Broad-Oak, Hornchurch, Maldon, Rumford, Saxfield, Southminster, Springfield, Westham, Wittham, Writtle.
Gloucestershire
Cirencester, Gloucester, Stroud
Hertfordshire
Abbots Langley, St Alban's, Aldenham, Arnum, Berkhamstead, Cheston, Gubbings, Hatfield, Hemel-hempstead, Hertford, Hitchin, St Stephen's near St Alban's, Stevenage, Tring, Ware, Watford.
Isle of Wight
Newport, Northwood
Kent
Ashford, Canterbury, Chatham, Dartford, *Greenwich Girls School, Greenwich Workhouse, Maidstone, Rochester (two Houses), *Stroud, Tunbridge.
Lancashire
Ashton under Line, *Leverpoole, Warrington.
Leicestershire
Harborough, Leicester—St Margaret, Leicester—St Martin, Leicester—St Mary, Lutterworth.
Lincolnshire
*Stamford
London and 5 miles around
Alhallows, Bread-street; Bishopsgate-street; St Andrews, Holborn; St Andrews, Saffron Hill; St Andrews Woodstreet; St Botolph without, Bishopsgate; St Brides; Camberwell, Surrey; Christ-Church in London; Christ-Church, Spitalfields; Deptford, Kent; St Dunstans in the East; St Dunstans in the West; St George, Hanover Square; St George, Southwark; St Giles Cripplegate within; St Giles Cripplegate without; St Giles in the Fields and St George, Bloomsbury (shared workhouse); *Grey Coat Hospital; Hampsted, Middlesex; St James, Clerkenwell; St James, Clerkenwell—Quakers Workhouse; *St James Westminster, Burlington Garden for Girls; St Katherine near the Tower; Lambeth, Surrey; *Lambeth, Surrey—two Charity Schools; St Lawrence, Jewry; St Leonard, Shoreditch; St Margaret, Westminster, and St John the Evangelist (shared workhouse); St Martin in the Fields; St Martin, Ludgate; St Martin, Vintry; St Mary le Bow; St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey; St Mary Overee, or St Saviours; St Mary, Rotherhithe; St Mary Whitechappel; Stepney—Limehouse; Stepney—Mile End Old Town; Stepney—Ratcliff; Stepney—Wapping Hamlet (later St George in the East); St Paul, Shadwell; St Sepulchres within; St Sepulchres without.
Middlesex
Enfield, Harrow on the Hill.
Norfolk
Lynn.
Northamptonshire
*Artleborough, Barton, Daventry, Densehanger [Deanshanger], *Findon alias Thingdon Grundon [Grendon], *Kettering, Northampton—All Saints, Northampton—St Peter, Oundle, Peterborough, Rowell [Rothwell], Stanford, Towcester, Wellingborough, Yarley [Yardley] Hastings.
Oxfordshire
*Bicester, *Oxford—St Peter's Girls School.
Shropshire
Worfield
Somersetshire
Bristol
Suffolk
Mildenhall.
Surrey
Chertsey, Croydon.
Warwickshire
Coventry.
Wiltshire
Bradford, Marlborough, *Salisbury.
Worcestershire
Worcester.
Yorkshire
Beverley, Hull.

Parliamentary Reports

In 1776-7, a Parliamentary survey of poor-relief expenditure in England and Wales, published as the Abstracts of the Returns Made by the Overseers of the Poor, included an inventory of workhouse provision.

The table below gives a county-by-county list of the parishes or townships operating workhouses and, where available, the number of places available in each. Spellings are as in original sources.

ENGLAND

Bedford
Ampthill (25), Great Barford (20), Bedford—St Paul (60), Biggleswade (50), Cardington (20), Chalgrave (10), Clophill (20), Cranfield (24), Dunstable (20), Dunton (20), Eaton Bray (20), Flitton (11), Hawnes (12), Heath and Reach (14), Henlow (26), Houghton Conquest (20), Houghton Regis (20), Kempston (30), Leighton Bussard (60), Luton (80), Maulden (30), Northill (30), Old Warden (20), Polton (20), Potsgrove (8), Sandy (20), Shittlington (40), Silso (22), Southill (35), Stepengley (20), Sutton (11), Thurleigh (12), Tuddington (28), Wilden (2), Wimmington (10), Woburn (20).
Berkshire
Abingdon—St Helen's (120), Abingdon—St Nicholas (12), Aldermaston (35), Bray (?), Chievely (12), Cookham (90), Cumner (30), Great Farringdon (60), Hampstead Norris (10), Hungerford (30), Langford (12), Stratfield Mortimer and Oakfield (100), Newbury (120), New Windsor (90), Reading—St Giles (100), Reading St Lawrence (150), Reading—St Mary (90), Shalborn (16), Shinfield (42), Thatcham (40), Tilehurst (100), Wallingford—St Mary the More (50), Winkfield (40), Wokingham Town (50), Woodley and Sanford (50), Wantage (75), Wargrave (50).
Buckingham
Amersham (75), Aylesbury (50), Beaconsfield (40), Brill (?), Buckingham (40), Chalfont St Giles (80), Chalfont St Peter (80), Chesham (90), Edelsborough (30), Ellesborough (?), Eton (40), Great Missenden (30), Hambleden (60), Hanslop (40), Hitcham (60), Iver (60), Ivinghoe (50), Lavendon (15), Marlow (162), Little Marlow (40), Little Missenden (10), Moulsoe (?), Newport Pagnell (80), Olney (30), Princes Risborough (50), Stoke Goldington (18), Stony Stratford—St Giles (14), Wavendon (12), Wing (30), Wingrove (20), Winslow (20), Woburn (60), Chepping Wycomb (90), Borough of Chipping Wycomb (80), West Wycomb (44).
Cambridge
Basingbourn (?), Burwell (20), Cambridge—St Andrew (20), Cambridge—St Benedict (15), Cambridge—St Bottolph (10), Cambridge—St Edward (13), Cambridge—St Giles (20), Cambridge—St Mary the Great (20), Cambridge—St Mary the Less (10), Cambridge—St Peter's (8), Cambridge—Trinity (24), Chatteris (35), Chesterton (20), Cottenham (30)), Ely St Mary (35), Ely Trinity (80), Gamlingay (12), Guilden Mordern (12), Haddenham (40), Isleham (30), Linton (23), Littleport (30), March Hamlet (100), Rampton (6), Soham (60), Sutton (33), Thorney (60), Waterbeach (20), Whittlesea (90), Whittlesford (40), Wicken (28), Wisbech St Peter's (150), Witchford (12), Wood Ditton (30).
Chester
Adlington (42), Altrincam (50), Audlem (10), Baddily (9), Barnshaw cum Goostrey (15), Bereton cum Smethwich (16), Bollington (18), Chester City (250), Chorley (80), Eaton (12), Faddiley (4), Gawsworth (28), Groppenhall (50), Macclesfield (160), Marple (9), Nether Knutsford (20), Newton (50), Mobberley (30), Nantwich (30), Over (30), Poole (18), Pott Shrigley (20), Rainow (30), Rode (6), Sandbach (20), Stockport (60), Sutton (20), Tarporley (40), Utkinton (12), Weaver (30), Weston (12).
Cornwall
Blisland (4), Bodmin (70), Breage (30), Budock (15), St Colan [Columb] Major (60), Gwennop (50), Mabe (13), Crowan (8), Guinear (40), Helleston (200), Kenwyn (50), Launceston (40), Lelant (14), Liskeard (60), Marazion (8), Padstow (100), Penryn (50), Penzance (30), Redruth (60), St Austell (60), St Blazey (12), Stratton (20), Truro (56).
Cumberland
Ainstable (10), Aldston (40), Arthuret (50), Bewcastle (25), Brampton (25), Caldbeek (80); Carlisle St Cuthbert's—Botherby, Botchergate & Carleton Quarters (12); Carlisle St Cuthbert's—Briscoe, Harraby & Upperby Quarters (7); , Castle Carwicke (9), Great Clifton (10), Cockermouth (70), Crosthwaite (30), Cumwhitton (7), Nether Denton (21), Farlam (30), Hayton (7), Heskett (20), Kirkandrew—Middle Quarter (50), Kirkandrew—Mote Quarter (50), Kirkandrew—Nether Quarter (45), Kirkandrew—Nichol Forest Quarter (50), Kirklinton—Hethersgill Quarter (20), Kirklinton—Middle Quarter (20), Kirklinton—Westlinton Quarter (20), Leonard Coast—Askerton Quarter (20), Penrith (36), Carlisle St Mary's—Caldewgate Quarter (20), Carlisle St Mary's—Richergate Quarter (10), Rockcliffe—Castle Town Quarter (8), Rockcliffe—Church Town Quarter (8), Stapleton—Stanwix Quarter (12), Stapleton—Stapleton Quarter (20), Stapleton—Trough Quarter (3), Weatheral Parish (12), Whitehaven (135).
Derby
Ashbourne (60), Ashover (60), Barlow (10); Hamlets of Boden Edge, Bradshaw Edge & Combs Edge (60); Bolsover (20), Bonsall (40), Bradwell (30), Castleton (10), Chesterfield (50), Crich (40), Derby—St Alkmund's (34), Derby—All Saints (60), Derby—St Michael (14), Derby—St Peter (40), Derby—St Werburgh (50), Dore (60), Dronfield (12), Duffield (20), Eckington (36), Fairfield (70), Flagg (70), Hartington Quarter (70), Hartington Middle Quarter (70), Norton (16), Prescliff Tadington (70), Stanton (20), Tidswell Township (20), Walton (4), Winster (40), Wirksworth (60).
Devon
Alverdiscott (6), East Allington (20), West Alvington (30), Ashburton (100), Ashford (12), Aveton Gifford (40), Awliscombe (10), Axminster (80), Bampton (60), Barnstaple (80), Berryn Harbour (12), Berey Pumerey (40), Bicton (6), Bideford (75), Bigbury (20), Blackawton (34), Bridford (12), Brixham (60), Brixton (23), Burrington (20), Cadbury (10), Chagford (20), Chawley (24), Cheriton Fitzpaine (30), Chittlehampton (40), Christow (15), Chudleigh (20), Chulmleigh (36), Clist—Hydon (14), Clist—St Lawrence (10), Colaton Rawleigh (27), Collumpton (120), Colyton (66), Comb Martin (2), Compton Tefford (3), Cornworthy (40), Crediton (90), Cruwys Morchard (30), Culmstock (20), Feniton (8), Hartland (90), Heanton-punchardson (16), Hemyock (10), Holcombe Burnell (6), Honiton (60), Huntsham (Two families), Ilfordcombe (60), Kenton (150), Kingsbridge (20), Knowstone (28), Langtree (16), Lifton (50), Loddiswell (25), Loxbear (6), Malborough (28), Membury (18), Merton (30), North Molton (45), South Molton (100), Moreton-hamsptead (60), Newton Abbot (70), Northam (80), Northcott (4), Bishops Nympton (60), Otterton (20), Parkham (20), Pilton (30), Plymouth (200), Plympton St Mary (100), Plymstock (30), Ringmore (20), St Mary Ottery (100), St Saviour within the Borough of Clifton (40), St Thomas the Apostle's (52), Sampford Courtenay (30), Sandford (60), Seaton and Beer (24), Shobrooke (40), Sidbury (40), Sidmouth (20), Silverton (60), Staverton (30), Stoke Damerell (175), Tavistock (50), Thorncombe (60), Thurlestone (20), Tiverton (400), Topsham (82), Great Torrington (20), Totness (40), Uffculme (50), Uplime (10), Wear Gifford (8), Woolfordisworthy (8), Yealmpton (26).
Dorset
Beaminster (100), Blandford Forum (50), Buckland Newton (20), Burton Bradstock (12), Charminster (20), Cranborne (60), Dorchester—Holy Trinity (80), Fordington (20), Frampton (12), Gillingham (70), Haslebury Bryan (20), Lyme Regis (32), Lytchett Minster (15), Marnhull (60), Marshwood (12), Melcombe Regis (44), St James in the Town and County of the Town of Pool (80), Portesham (50), Puddletown (20), Sherborne (130), Stalbridge (50), Stockland (30), Sturminster Newton (50), Sturton Caundle (6), Tarrant Gunvil (5), Wimborne Minster (200), Wyke Regis (20).
Durham
Barnard Castle (50), Bedlington (60), Bishop Auckland (150), Bishop Weremouth (20), Bishopton (20), Chambois and North Blyth (40), Chester le Street (100), Coatham Mundaville (12), Cockerton (10), Cornforth (16), Crawcrook (20), Crosgate (18), Darlington (100), Durham St Giles (20), Durham St Nicholas (50), Egleston (12), Elvet (20), Framwelgate (24), Gainford (20), Gateshead (50), Hartlepool (20), Heighington (10), Nether Heworth and High Heworth (15), Houghton le Spring (16), Kyo (20), Lambton (100), Middleton (12), Monkton Tarrow and Hedworth (15), Newbiggin (12), Norton (24), Offerton (10), Pensher (30), Plausworth (100), Ryton Woodside (20), Sedgfield (30), South Shields (50), Stella (10), Stockton (80), Sunderland (90), Tanfield (30), Tweedmouth (36), Wakefield (12), Walsingham (60), Wearmouth (35), Westoe (18), Whickham (60), Winlaton (36).
Essex
Aberton (16), Aldham (20), Ardleigh (40), Ashdon (30), Aveley (40), Great Baddow (20), Bardfield Saling (12), Barking (70), Great Braxted (16), Beaumont with Mose (14), Belchampotton (9), Belchampotton St Paul (15), Little Bentley (26), Great and Little Birch (24), Bocking (140), Boxstead (30), Bradfield (12), Bradwell (13), Braintree (60), Brentwood (14), Great Bromley (30), Broomfield (20), Bumpstead Steeple (25), Bures (9), Burnham (24), Great Burstead (40), Buttsbury (10), Canewdon (30), Chelmsford (100), Chigwell (33), Great Clacton (30), Great Coggeshall (50), Little Coggeshall (15), Colchester—All Saints (28), Colchester—St Botolph (35), Colchester—St Giles (30), Colchester—St James (24), Colchester—Loxden (34), Colchester—St Martin (12), Colchester—St Mary at the Walls (30), Colchester—St Nicholas (14), Colchester—St Peter (20), Great Earls Colne (42), Engain Colne (30), Copford (30), Corringham (20), Dagenham (30), Danbury (18), Dedham (48), Fordham (22), Great Dunmow (50), High Easter (33), Epping (20), Faulkbourn (25), Felsted (20), Finchingfield (25), Foulness and North & South Shoebury (30), Fryerning (20), Goldhanger (18), Gosfield (20), Great Hallingbury (24), Halsted (80), West Ham (155), South Hanningfield (9), Harlow (20), Harwich—Dover Court (8), Harwich—St Nicholas (60), Hatfield Broad Oak (60), Hatfield Peverel (30), Hedingham Castle (65), Hedingham Sible (30), Hockley (20), Great Horkesley (26), Kelvedon (30), Kirby (24), Langham (25), Lamborne (40), Lawford (22), Layer de la Hay (15), Great Leigh (15), Leyton (30), Malden—St Mary (40), Mannington [Manningtree?](20), Great Maplestead (3), Marney (25), West Mersea (18), Messing (100), Navestock (25), Black Notley (16), Great Oakley (20), Pebmarsh (12), Pitsey (12), Purleigh (20), Ramsey (14), Rayleigh (20), Ridgewell (24), Rivenhall (25), Rochford (24), Roxwell (20), St Osyth (30), Shenfield (30), Southminster (30), Southweald (17), Springfield (35), Stanford (30), Stanford le Hope (20), Stansted (40), Stanway (18), Stebbing (30), Steeple (6), Stisted (20), Stock (10), Stow Maries (10), Tendring (20), Terling (20), Great Tey (28), Thaxted (50), Theydon Garnon (30), Thorock Grays (10), Thorpe (50), Tillingham (6), Tollesbury (30), Tolleshunt Darcy (10), Tolleshunt Major (10), Toppesfield (30), Great Totham (20), Little Totham (16), Upminster (20), Great Waltham (100), Little Waltham (20), Waltham Holy Cross (100), Walthamstow (50), Weathersfield (25), Weeley (16), Great Wigborough (20), Willingale Spain (12), Witham (60), Wivenhoe (30), Wix (25), Woodham Ferris (30), Writtle (100), Great Yeldham (20).
Gloucester
Admington (17), Aust (8), Avening (20), Berrington , Bisley (50), Bitton (25), Bristol City (450); Broad Campden, Chipping Campden, and Wessington (70); Cheltenham (36), Chipping Sodbury (40), Cirencester (120), Dymock (30), Elberton (20), Gloucester City (200), Horsely (100), King's Stanby [Stanley] (70), Leatclade [Lechlade] (70), Littleton (20), Mangotsfield (60), Minchinhampton (100), Minty (20), Newent (150), Oldland (20), Bristol—St Philip etc. (100), Stapleton (100), Stroud (100), Tetbury (60), Tewkesbury (36), Thornbury (80), Winchcomb (70), Westerleigh (22), Wotton Underidge [Under Edge] (50), Yate (40).
Hereford
Dilwyn (20), Eardisland (15), Hereford—All Saints (18 in 2 workhouses), Hereford—St John Baptist (20 in 2 workhouses), Hereford—St Martin (7 in 2 workhouse ), Hereford—St Nicholas (10 in 2 workhouses), Hereford—St Peter (15 in 2 workhouses), Kington (40), Ledbury (100), Pembridge (30), Ross (100), Shobdon (20).
Hertford
Abbotts (44), Albury (40), Aldenham (30), Great Armwell (20), Little Armwell (4), Ashwell (12), Ayott St Peter's (4), Baldock (45), Barkway (30), Barley (25), Chipping Barnet (25), Bengeo (15), Berkhamstead—St Peter's (50), Bishop Stortford (70), Caddington (16), Cheshunt (70), Codicote (20), Digswell (9), Flampstead (30), Great Gaddesden (30), Great Hadham (50), Harpenden (20), Hatfield Bishop (60), Hemel Hempstead (60), Hertford—All Saints (30), Hertford—St Andrew (50), Hertford—St John (24), Hertinfordbury (30), Hitchin (80), Hodsdon (35), Ippollits (20), Kensworth (18), King's Langley (30), North Church (34), Northaw (20), Northmyms (30), Offley (30), Pirton (40), Redburn (40), Rickmersworth (80), Ridge (40), Royston (38), St Alban—Borough (60), St Alban—St Michael (30), St Alban—St Peter (70), St Alban—St Stephen (50), Sabridgworth (50), Sandon (25), Standon (70), Stansted Abbott (50), Tewin (20), Therfield (35), Tring (50), Paul's Walden (20), Walkern (20), Ware (90), Watford (100), Wellwyn (8), Weston (35), Wheathamsted (36).
Huntingdon
Alconbury and Weston (20), Bluntisham and Erith (28), Brampton (25), Broughton (23), Buckden (16), Connington (35), Ellington (12), Elton (10), Eynesbury (30), Hailweston (11), Huntingdon—All Saints (20), Huntingdon—St Benedict (14), Kimbolton (35), Holywell with Needingworth (30), Midlow (50), Ramsey (80), St Ives (80), Saltree [Sawtry] St Andrews & All Saints (30), Great Staughton (25), Little Stukeley (12), Yaxley (21).
Kent
Allhallows (6), Ash (50), Ashford (70), Aylesford (40), Beckenham (35), Benenden (40), Bersted (27), Bethersden (20), Bexley (40), Bidborough (6), Biddenden (52), Birling (28), Bordern (8), Boughton under the Blean (40), Boxley (36), Brabourne (30), Brasted (12), Brenchley (60), Bridge (36), Bromley (80), Buckland (10), City of Canterbury (250), Charing (20), Chatham (250), Chevening (20), Chiddingstone (30), Chislehurst (17), Chislett (33), Cobham (30), Cowden (24), Cranbrook (100), Crayford (26), Cudham (35), Darenth (36), Dartford (65), Deal (115), Deptford—St Nicholas (130), Deptford—St Paul (125), Down (24), East Church (40), Eastwell (10), Eaton Bridge (40), Elham (60), Eltham (36), Erith (40), Eynesford (15); East Farleigh, Linton and Loose (100); Faversham (70), Frindsbury (54), Frittenden (40), Gillingham (60), Goudhurst (55), Gravesend (50), Greenwich (350), Hadlow (16), Halsted (6), Hamhill (25), Harbledown—St Michael (10), Hartlip (10), Hawkherst (100), Hayes (20), Hearne (30), Hollingbourne (40), Horsmonden (20), Hougham (1), Ightham (20), Iwade (4), Kemsing (13), Kingsnorth (12), Lamberhurst (24), Leigh (30), Lenham (40), Lewisham (25), Linsted (100), Lydd (40), Maidstone (150), West Malling (20), Marden (40), Mereworth (14), Mersham (12), Milton [Gravesend] (50), Milton [Sittingbourne] (40), Minster [Isle of Sheppey] (26), Minster [Isle of Thanet] (30), Nackington (12), Nonington (15), Northfleet (40), Otford (20), East Peckham (40), West Peckham (20), Plumstead (45), Rainham (20), Ramsgate (84), Ripple (4), River (3), Rochester—St Margaret (70), Rochester—St Nicholas (90), Rolvenden (50), St Dunstan (26), St Lawrence (40), Sandwich—St Mary (36), Sandwich—St Peter the Apostle (24), Sandwich—St Clement (30), Sea Salter (16), Seven Oakes (80), Sheldwick (16), Shipborne (11), Shorne (20), Sittingborne (25), Southfleet (12, at Northfleet), Speldhurst (30), Stapleherst (45), Steeplegate (6), Stone (20), Strood (63), Sturry (50), Sundrish [Sundridge] (40), Sutton Athone [Sutton At Hone] (40), Sutton Valence (20), Swanscomb (16), Thanington (12), Throwley (12), Tonbridge (130), Wateringbury (15), Westerham (50), Holy Cross—Westgate (30), Westwell (10), Whitstable (42), Wittersham (20), Woolwich (100), Wouldham (5), Wrotham (80), Wye (40), Yaldinge (30).
Lancaster
Allerton (50), Ashton under Line (64), Aughton (114), Barrowford (14), Barton (30), Blackburn (30), Great Bolton (60), Brindle (60), Burnley with Habergham (50), Bury (50), Butterworth (45), Castleton (40), Chedderton (25), Chethem (25), Childwall (60), Churchnew (120), Colne (17), Colton (18), Cuerdley (50), Culceth (50), Dalton (20), Ditton (50), Eccleston near Knowsley (50), Edgeworth (16), Elton (16), Failsworth (20), Hale (50), Halewood (40), Harpurhey (10), Heap (30), Great Heaton (6), Lancaster Borough (80), Liverpool Borough (600), Manchester (180), Marsden (20), Melling with Cunscough (50), Middleton (40), Oldham (60), Ormskirk (114), Pemberton (60), Pendleton (28), Pilkington (60), Prescott (80), Preston (90), Rainford (15), Great Sankey (45), Speak (50), Standish with Langtree (40), Sutton (30), Tottington Lower End (30), Warrington (100), Wavertree (50), Widnes (50), Wigan Borough and Parish (200).
Leicester
Ashby-de-la-Zouch (50), Barrow (50), Barwell (20), Bottesford (12), Bowden Magna (20), Burbage (20), Burton Obery (10), Coleorton (30), Cossington (16), Earl Shilton (30), Easton Magna (36), Enderby (-), Foxton (12), Gilmorton (18), Great Glen (20), Halloughton (16), Harborough (30), Hinkley (90), Hoton (6), Houghton on the Hill (15), Hugglescote and Donnington (30), Humberston (12), Keyham (20), Knighton (12), Leicester—All Saints (55), Leicester—St Margaret (80), Leicester—St Martin (90), Leicester—St Mary (112), Leicester—St Leonard's (7), Leicester—St Nicholas (14), Loughborough (70), Lubbenham (20), Lutterworth (30), Melton Mobray [Mowbray] (40), Mountsorrel North-End (16), Narborough (8), Oadby (30), Ratby (14), Rearsby (14), Sheepstead [Shepshed] (80), Smeeton Westerby (20), Syston (14), Thringstone (30), Wigston Magna (32).
Lincoln
Alford (15), Barrow (8), Barton upon Humber—St Mary (20), Belton [north Lincs.] (12), Bolingbroke (40), Boston (26), Bourn (44), Branston (20), Butterwick (10), Crowland (45), Deeping—St James (12), Denton (30), Digby (15), Dorrington (8), Epworth (20), Freiston (16), Gainsborough (70), Glamford Briggs (10), Gosberton (28), Grantham (60), Haxey (24), Hecking (12), Helpringham (6), Holbeach (35), Kirton (15), Leak (35), Leverton (16), Lincoln (60), Louth (40), Metheringham (15), New Sleaford (22), Newton (10), Pinchbeck (25), Great Ponton (10), Potterhanworth (10), Market Raisin (17), Ruskington (10), St Swithin (30), Sibsey (20), Skirbeck (12), Spalding (56), East Stockwith (40), Surfleet (12), Sutton—St Mary's (20), Swineshead (30), Waddington (20), Welbourn (8).
London City - Within the Walls
Allhallows—Barking (70), St Andrew Undershaft (50), St Anne and St Agnes Within—Aldersgate (28), Christ Church (80), St Dunstan's in the East (70), St Ethelburga (48), St Katherine Coleman (30), St Katherine Creechurch (45), St Olave in Hart Street (56).
London City - Without the Walls
St Andrew—Holborn (120), St Botolph Without—Aldersgate (240), St Botolph Without—Aldgate (300), St Botolph Without—Bishopsgate (250), St Bridget (220), St Dunstan in the West (72), St Sepulchre Without—Newgate (279), St Giles Without—Cripplegate (260).
Westminster
St Anne (150), St Clement Danes (350), St George—Hanover Square (700), St James (650), St Margaret and St John the Evangelist (420), St Martin in the Fields (700), St Mary le Strand (50), St Paul—Covent Garden (300).
Middlesex
Acton (16), St Anne (90), Old Artillery Ground (60), St Botolph Without—Aldersgate (240), St Botolph Without—Aldgate (200), New Brentford (50), Bromley—St Leonard (56), Chiswick (90), Christ Church (340), St Dunstan—Mile End New Town (50), St Dunstan—Mile End Old Town (90), St Dunstan—Stepney (150), Ealing Parish (100), Edmonton (76), Enfield (70), Finchley (18), Fulham (90), St Giles in the Fields and St George—Bloomsbury (520), St George (500), St George the Martyr's and St Andrew—Holborn (350), Hammersmith Hamlet (60), Hampton Town (30), Hampton Wick (6), Harlington (40), Harmondsworth (40), Harrow on the Hill (60), Hendon (30), Heston (30), Hillingdon (70), Hillingdon Parish (60), Hornsey (30), St James—Clerkenwell (300), St John—Hackney (22), St John—Hampstead (80), St John—Wapping (260), Isleworth (110), St Leonard's—Shoreditch (250), St Luke (400), St Luke—Chelsea (20), St Mary—Islington (60), St Mary le Bone (600), St Mary—Stratford Bow (40), St Mary Matfellon—Whitechapel (600), St Matthew—Bethnal Green (400), South Mims (55), Monkin Hadley (30), Norton Falgate (90), Paddington (12), St Pancras (120), St Paul—Shadwell (350), Pinnor (30), Poplar and Blackwall Hamlet (60), Rolls Liberty (50), Ruislip (30); Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden and Ely Rents Liberty (140), St Sepulchre (20), Shepperton (35), Stanes (50), Sunbury (25), Tottenham High Cross (60), Twickenham (90).
Monmouth
(None listed)
Norfolk
Aylsham (80), Billingford (6), Denver (16), East Dereham (65), Dickleborough (60), Diss (50), Downham Market (20), Edgefield (50), Gissing (60), Harpley (4), City of Norwich (600), Norwich—Cathedral Precinct (16), Pulham—St Mary Magdalen (40), Paston (10), Redenhall with Harleston (45), Reedham (3), Scole alias Osmondeston (10), Stow Bardolph (20), Swaffham (50), Trowse Newton (8), Upwell (70), Walpole—St Andrew (12), North Walsham (80), Wymondham (100), Great Yarmouth (330).
Northampton
Abthorpe (30), Apethorpe (8), Earls Barton (36), Benefield (30), Bozeat (10), Chapel Brampton (8), Branston (20), Brigstock (30), Broughton (10), Long Buckby (14), Bugbrook (16), Byfield (14), Middleton Cheney (14), Clipston (20), Cosgrove (9), Crick (9), Culworth (18), Daventree (55), Denford (12), Everdon (15), Finedon or Thingdon (36), Geddington (14), Gretton (30), Great Oakley (18), East Haddon (20), West Haddon (6), Hardingstone (16), Irchester (10), Irthingborough (100), Kettering (80), Kingscliff (30), Kingsthorpe (20), Newnham (8), Moulton (32), Northampton—All Saints (60), Northampton—St Giles (15), Northampton—St Peter's (6), Northampton—St Sepulchre (45), Norton (12), Old otherwise Wold (21), Oundle (45), Great Oxendon (15), Paulerspury (20), Peterborough—City and Hamlets (110), Pisford (16), Raunds (36), Rowell [Rothwell] (26), Rushden (18), Rushton—St Peter's and All Saints (20), Scaldwell (12), Spratton (12), Stanion (20), Stoke Albany (12), Towcester (40), Thrapston (16), Titchurch (15), Walgrave (10), Great and Little Weldon (20), Weedon Beck (15), Welford (20), Wellingborough (70), Werrington (14), Welton (15), Wilbarston (30), Wollaston (10), Yardley Hastings (25), Yarwell (6).
Northumberland
Alnwick Parish (32), Ashholm (80), Bellister (80), Birling (30), Blenkinsopp (80), Byker (10), Carham Parish (30), Coanwood (40), Corbridge (100), Fetherstone (40), Heddon on the Wall (50), Hexham (55), Hollinghill Ward (22), Horsley (8), Kerton (60), Morpeth (24), Newcastle upon Tyne—All Saints (100), Newcastle upon Tyne—St John (26), Otterburn Ward (24), Plenmeller (80), Rochester (24), Rothbury (22), Elswick in St Johns (40), Westgate in St Johns (12), Thirlwall (80), Walltown (42), Warkworth (30), Whitton (22), Wooler Parish (56).
Nottingham
Basford (44), Beeston (12), Bingham (30), Bulwell and Hemshall (16), Bunney (8), Clarbrough (60), South Collingham (10), Greasley (30), Kneesal (12), Lound (30), Mansfield (56), Newark Borough (60), Nottingham—St Mary (150), Nottingham—St Nicholas (60), Nottingham—St Peter (60), East Retford (30), Snenton (10), Southwell (35), Sutton [near Newark] (30), Sutton [near East Retford] (40), Worksop (50).
Oxford
East Adderbury (12), Alverscott (8), Bampton (30), Banbury (60), Bicester—Market End (40), Blackbourton (30), Bloxham (35), Burford (30), Charlbury (40), Chipping Norton (40), Clanville (24), Coomb (20), Deddington (25), Dorchester (20), Hailey (40), Hanborough (20), Henley (70), North Leigh (35), Northmore (20), Oxford City (200), Standlake (14), Stokenchurch (20), Thame (30), Watlington (20), Witney (60).
Rutland
Barlythorpe (8), Lond's Hold (40), Uppingham (40), Whitsunding (12).
Salop [Shropshire]
Baschurch (6), Borough of Bishops Castle (25), Broseley (40), Buildwas (12), Chetwynd (-), Church Stretton (66), Claverley (20), Cleobury Mortimer (60), Drayton in Hales (75), Edgmond (16), Ellesmere (45), Hales Owen (260), Hodnett (20), Leighton (20), Ludlow Town (40), Lydham (12), Madeley (20), Newport (18), Oswestry (30), Oswestry Town (30), Pontesbury (20), Preese (60), Shiffnall (40), Shrewsbury—St Alkmond (15), Shrewsbury—St Chad (80), Shrewsbury—Holy Cross (30), Shrewsbury—St Julian (26), Shrewsbury—St Mary (40), Wellington (56), Wem (30), Much Wenlock (30), Westbury (24), Whitchurch (40), Whittington (20), Worfield (12), Worthen (-).
Somerset
Babcarry (10), Banwell (25), Bath—St James (35), Bath—Saints Peter and Paul (35), Bedminster (56), Berkley (60), Bicknoller (10), Bishop Hull (22), Bleadon (7), Brewton (50), Bridgwater (80), Brislington (12), Buckland (8), Carhampton (30), Chard (80), Chard Borough (50), Charleton Musgrave (24), Chedder (24), Chew Stoke (12), Clatworthy (8), Old Cleeve (50), Comb St Nicholas (40), Crewkerne (80), Croscombe (20), Crowcombe (7), North Curry (20), St Decumans (60), Ditcheat (33), Dunkerton (8), Dunster (30), Fitzhead (10), Frome Selwood (54), Ham (10), Hornbloton (4), Ilminster (90), Keinton Mandfield (8), Keynsham (6), Lamyatt (12), Lincomb and Widcomb (10), Lyddiard St Lawrence (16), Lyng (10), Mells (80), Middlezoy (10), Milverton (100), Minehead (60), Nettlecombe (24), Ninehead (16), Nunny (60), Oake (4), Otterford (-)Overstowey (20), East Pennard (24), North Petherton (90), South Petherton (40), Pilton (30), Radstock (12), Road (30), Shepton Mallet (140), Stockland Bristol (8), Nether Stowey (14), Swanswick (8), Taunton—St James (40), Taunton—St Mary Magdalen (80), Walcot (100), Wedmore (40), Wellington (150), Wells—St Cuthbert (30), Weston (10), Wincanton (50), Winford (14), Winscombe (25), Winsham (40), Wiveliscombe (65), Wotton Courtenay (16), Yeovil (60).
Southampton [Hampshire]
Alton (60), Alverstoke (200), Andover (120), Basing (30), Basingstoke (56), Bedhampton (15), Bentley and Odiham (40), Bewley (35), Bishop's Waltham (40), Boldre (26), Brockenhurst (20), Catherington (30), Christchurch (150), Crondall (50), Eling (50), Fareham (60), Faringdon (8), Fawley (40), Fordingbridge (70), Greatham (12), Havant (50), Hinton Ampner (6), Isle of Wight ('A general workhouse'), Kings Somborne (35), Lymington (50), Eastmeon (60), Milford (40), Minstead (12), Petersfield (40), Portsea (210), Portsmouth (200), Ringwood (160), Romsey Extra (150), Romsey Infra (60), Seberton (24), Shamblehurst (45), Sherborn St John (40), Southampton (130), Southwick (18), Titchfield (80), Vernham Dean (30), Warblington (30), Whitchurch (120), Winchester—St Mary Callendar (12), Winchester—St Maurice (30), Winchester—St Thomas (40).
Stafford
Abbots Bromley (30), Audley (50), Biddulph (40), Bilston (60), Brewood (30), West Bromwich (100), Burslem (60), Burton upon Trent (60), Cannock (20), Cheadle (150), Chesland Hay (12), Castle Church (16), Forton (10), Ipstones (20), Kinfare (20), Leek Frith (20), Leek and Lowe (70), Leigh (30), High Offley (30), Litchfield St Mary (50), Newcastle under Lyme (40), Norton in the Moors (24), Pattingham (10), Penkridge (40), Rowley Regis (60), Sedgley (60), Stafford—St Mary and St Chad (31), Stoke upon Trent (80), Tamworth (80), Tattenhall (20), Tipton (30), Uttoxeter (80), Walsall Borough (130), Walsall Foreign Township (70), Wednesbury (60), Wigginton (15), Willenhall (25), Woodstanton (50), Woolverhampton (60).
Suffolk
Aldeburgh (15), Aldham (20), Alpheton (35), Assington (20), Barnardiston (30), Barrow (30), Belton (3), Bildestone (30), Boxford (30), Brampton (10), Brandon (22), Brettenham (20), Buers St Mary's (50), St Mary in Bungay (25), Bury St Edmunds—'Thingoe Hundred 1747' (250),Cavendish (30), Clare (30), Cockfield (30), Coddenham ('House of Industry at am'), Combs (36), Great Cornard (20), Little Cornard (14), Dalham (14), Debenham (40), Derediston (10), Edwardston (40), Elmsett (12), am (6), Framlingham (100), Framsden (40), Fressingfield (26), Glemsford (50), Groton (30), Hadleigh (100), Hartest (30), Haverhill (40), Hitcham (30), Hoxne (40), Hundon (20), Ilkesthall St Margaret (6), Ipswich—St Clement (70), Ipswich—St Helen (10), Ipswich—St Lawrence (25), Ipswich—St Margaret (100), Ipswich—St Mary at Elms (10), Ipswich—St Mary at the Key (25), Ipswich—St Mary Stoke (30), Ipswich—St Mary Tower (30), Ipswich—St Matthew (30), Ipswich—St Nicholas (20), Ipswich—St Peter (28), Ipswich—St Stephen (24), Kelsall (40), Kersey (30), Lavenham (80), Lawshall (20), Laxfield (30), Mattlesden (26), Melford (150), Mendham (20), Mendlesham (30), Metfield (30), Mettingham (12), Mildenhall (70), Monks Eleigh (15), Mutford (10), Nacton (350), Nayland (40), Newton (24), Orford (20), Palgrave (30), Pettaugh (15), Polsted (30), Preston (16), Saxmundham (60), Snape (20), Somerleyton (3), Sotterley (14), Stoke [by Clare] (23), Stoke next Nayland (40), Stoven (6), Stowmarket (85), Stow Upland (20), Stradishall (16), Sudbourn (30), Sudbury (30), Syleham (40), Walpole (6), Walsham (20), Westhall (10), Wetheringset (25), Whitton with Thurleston (6), Wickhambrook (42), Woodbridge (100), Worlingworth (35), Wortham (30).
Surrey
Abinger (30), Albury (18), Barnes (20), Battersea (70), Beachworth (30), Beddington (10), Bermondsey (291), Blechingly (50), Burstow (15), Camberwell (100), Carshalton (20), Chaldon (12), Cheam (14), Chertsey (70), Chiddingfold (12), Chobham (30), West Clandon (4), Cobham (40), Christ Church (150), Croydon (80), Dorking (80), Effingham (6 families), Egham (36), Epsom (60), Esher (34), am (65), Frimley (12), Godalming (76), Guildford—Holy Trinity (20), Guildford—St Mary (24), Guildford—St Nicholas (20), Hambledon (8), Haselemere (30), Horne (20), Kingston (288), Lambeth (270), Limpsfield (30), Mauldon (12), Mitcham (60), Moredon (18), Mortlake (40), Newington (200), Ockley (25), Oxted (50), Petersham (6), Pirbright (30), Pirford (12), Putney (70), Reigate Borough (30), Reigate Foreign (40), Richmond (90), Rotherhith (200), Send and Ripley (4), Shiere (40), Southwark—St George (220), Southwark—St John (250), Southwark—St Olave (220), Southwark—St Saviour's (600), Southwark—St Thomas (23), Stoke Dawbernon (12), Streatham (30), Thames Ditton (30), Walton upon Thames (50), Wandsworth (120), Weybridge (20), Wisley (8), Witley (30), Wokeing (40), Wootton (25).
Sussex
Aldingborne (30), Angmering (20), Ardingly (20), Arlington (60), Arundell Borough (40), Ashington (8), Barnham (14), Battle (55), Beeding (14), Berkley (40), Bersted (25), Bexhill (40), Billingshurst (45), Birdham (23), Bolney (15), Bosham (26), Brede (30), Brighthelmston (70), Brightling (40), Burwash (70), Buxted (25), Chayley (40), City of Chichester (140), Chiddingly (25), West Chiltington (15), Chithurst (6), Cowfold (15), Crawley (8), Cuckfield (60), West Dean (18), Ditchling (20), Easebourne (26), Eastbourne (50), Ewhurst (45), Fairlight (30), urst (16), Finden (15), Fletching (38), West Grinstead (30), Hailsham (40), Hastings—All Saints (30), Hastings—St Clement (60), Hastings—St Mary of the Castle (20), Heathfield (40), Heene (6), Herfield (60), Herstmonceux (45), Heyshott (12), West Hoathly (40), Hollington (24), Hooe (30), Horsham Borough (80), Horstedkeyns (60), Hurstpierpoint (25), Iden (20), Ifield (20), Itchener (6), Itchingfield (4), Kirdford (60), Lameing (10), Lewes Borough (30), Lindfield (32), Littlehampton (20), Maresfield (20), Mayfield (50), Midhurst and Liberty of St John (30), Midlavant (12), Mountfield (30), North Mundham (16), Ninfield (15), Northam (40), Oving (12), Petworth (70), Poleing (12), Portslade (8), Poynings (20), Pulborough (46), Ringmer (24), Rogate (18), Rotherfield (50), Rottingdean (17), Rudgwick (30), Rusper (40), Rustington (10), Rye (60), Salehurst (100), Seddlescombe (30), Selsey (35), Shermanbury (15), Shipley (26), New Shoreham Borough (20), Slangham (24), Slindon (10), Slynfold (13), Sompting (15), Steyning Borough (18), Storrington (34), Stoughton (50), Terwick (5), Thakeham (20), St Thomas in the Cliff (30), Ticehurst (40), New Timber (9), Trotten (24), Uckfield (30), Wadhurst (30), Waldron (30), Warbleton (60), Warnham (20), Wartling (40), Westborne (90), Westfield (36), Wilmington (8), Winchelsea—St Thomas the Apostle (24), Wisborough Green (80), Withyham (43), Wivelsfield (16), Worth (20).
Warwick
Alcester (36), Aston (90), Atherstone (60), Bedworth (50), Birmingham—St Martin and St Philip (340), Brailes (40), Buckington (40), Chilvers Cotton (33), Coleshill (44), Coventry—Holy Trinity (140), Coventry—St Michael (180), Foleshill (30), Grandborough (20), Long Lawford (8), Napton (20), Nuneaton (70), Preston Baggott (20), Rugby (25), Solihull (60), Southam (20), Stoke (25), Stratford upon Avon (50), Old Stratford (40), Sutton Coldfield (45), Tamworth (50), Tamworth Borough (70), Warwick—St Mary (89), Warwick—St Nicholas (44), Wootton Wawen (80).
Westmorland
Brough (12), Crosby Ravensworth (11), Hartley (10), Old Hutton (10), Kirkby Lonsdale (15), Kirkby Stephen (30), Lambrigg (6), Ormside (4), Preston Richard (20).
Wiltshire
Ashton Keynes (20), Great Bedwin (30), Box (24), Bradford (140), Brinkworth (50), Burbage (18), Calne (100), Little Chalfield (16), Christian Malford (30), Corsley (50), Cricklade—St Sampson (40), Crudwell and Estcourt (26), Dauntsey (40), Downton (140), Highworth (38), Hilperton (10), Horningsham (50), Lacock (40), Market Lavington (24), Liddiard Millicent (10), Lyddiard Tregooze (20), Maiden Bradley (26), Marlborough—St Mary (52), Marlborough—St Peter and St Paul (50), Melksham (70), Mere (60), Pewsey (100), Purton (30), Ramsbury (70), Rowde (13), New Sarum—St Edmund, St Martin and St Thomas (200), New Sarum—Liberty of the Close (20), Stratton St Margaret (20), Tidcombe (12), Tisbury (80), Warminster (120), Westbury (100), White Parish (60), Wilton (80), Wootten Bassett (40).
Worcester
Beoley (10), Bewdley (80), Blockley (40), Bromsgrove (100), St Clements (3), Dudley (100), Holy Cross (80), St John (40), Kidderminster Borough (70), Longdon (60), Mathen (10), Overbury (11), St Peter (20), Powick (20), Shipston upon Stower (30), Stourbridge (40), Old Swinford (40), Tardibigg (40), Upton upon Severn (70), Worcester—St Clement (20), Worcester—St Martin (40), Worcester—St Nicholas (30).
York, East Riding
Ampleforth (2), Beverley (100), Bridlington and Key (30), Broomfleet (2), South Dalton (2 families), Drypoole (4), Howden (20), Kilnwick (4), Kingston upon Hull (200), Lund (4), North Newbald (4), South Newbald (6), Osbaldwick (100), Pocklington (12), Preston (24), Shipton (4), Sutton and Stoneferry (16), York — Minster Yard with Bedern (10).
York, North Riding
Abbotside High Quarter (24), North Allerton (28), Ampleford [Ampleforth] (2), Arkingarthdale (30), Askrigg (24), Bainbridge (24), Bedale and Ascough (80), Bowes (20), Burton cum Walden (8), Carlton and Carlton High Dale (20), Cloughton (6), Danby Wisk (8), Easingwould (25), Fylingdales (30), Grinton [near Reeth] (40), Grinton [near Leyburn] (35), Guisborough (14), Hawes (34), Helmsley (18), Hutton near Rudby (30), Ilton (20), Kirby Moor Side (20), Marsh [Marske] (6), Middleham (24), Pickering (30), Reeth (50), Scorton (18), Skelton (40), Stokesley (50), West Tanfield (8), Thirsk (56), Whitby (70), Whorlton (20), East Witton (12), Yarm (40).
York, West Riding
Aldmonbury (60), Allerton (30), Chapel Allerton (2), Alverthorp with Thorns (35), Armley (40), Aserley (6), Attercliffe with Darnall (24), Barnsley (30), Batley (40), North Bierley and Bowling (70), Bingley (40), Birstwith Hamlet (40), High and Low Bishop Side (30), Bolton Parish by Bowland (10), Bradfield (60), Bradford (70), Brightside Bierlow (24), Burton (14), Calverley with Farsley (40), Carlton Parish (12), Clapham with Newby (2), Clayton (20), Conisbrough Parish (20), Crigglestone (20), Dewsbury (30), Ealand with Greetland (80), Ecclesall Bierlow (45), Ecclesfield Parish (60), Eccleshill (36), Errinden (20), Farnley (10), Fellicliffe (40), Fishlake (26), Gildersome (20), Gomersall (70), Grassington (22), Guiseley (80), Halifax (100), Nether Hallam (20), Handsworth Parish (16), Harthill Parish (8), Hatfield Parish (8), Haworth (28), Heaton (8), Heckmondwike (26), Heptonstall (24), Hipperholm with Brighouse (40), Holbeck (45), Horbury (20), Horsforth (80), Horton (40), Huddersfield (50 or 60), Hunslet (45), Idle (60), Kettlewell (20), Keighley Parish (40), Kirkheaton (19), Knaresborough (60), Langfield (14), Leeds (200), Livesidge (40), Lockwood (15), Manningham (36), Menwith with Darley Hamlet (40), Midgley (24), Mirfield (30), Norland (12), Ossett (80 or 100), Otley (35), Ovenden (40), North Owram (70), South Owram (60), Pannal Parish (16), Potter Newton (2 families), Pudsey (60), Quick Parish (24), Ripon (30), Rotheram (40), Rothwell Parish (200), Rushworth (9), Scriven with Ten (8), Sedberg (30), Selby (20), Sheffield (160), Shircoat (30), Skipton (40), Sowerby (60), Soyland (60), Stainland (50), North Stainley with Sleiningford (10), Stanley with Wrenthorp (30), Stansfield (25), Tadcaster Bridge—West Side (8), Thorn (40), Thornton (30), Wakefield Town (120), Warley (30), Wetherby (30), Wortley (35).

WALES

Anglesey
(None listed)
Brecon
(None listed)
Cardigan
(None listed)
Carmarthen
Laugharne (6).
Carnarvon
(None listed)
Denbigh
Llansillin (40), Wrexham (70).
Flint
(None listed)
Glamorgan
Cardiff—St John the Baptist and St Mary (200), Swansea Town (100).
Merioneth
Llandderfel (8).
Montgomery
Llanfyllin (10), Myfod (8).
Pembroke
Begelly (3), Camrose (10), St Florence (5), Jeffreston (5), Lampeter Velfrey (6), Lanunda [Llanwnda] (3), Lawrenny (10), Lyfurvrane (4), Manerbier [Manorbier] (20), Mouncton [Mounton] (26), North Narberth (10).
Radnor
(None listed)

The list included a total of 1,978 workhouses (approximately one parish in seven) with a total capacity of over 90,000 places. Workhouse capacities range in size from 1 (Hougham in Kent) to 700 (St George, Hanover Square, and St Martin in the Fields, both in Westminster). Outside of London, Liverpool operated the largest workhouse with room for 600. Workhouse provision in Wales was almost non-existent although, somewhat curiously, Pembrokeshire had more workhouses than the rest of Wales put together.

The survey also reported that the total expenditure on poor relief in England and Wales in the year ending at Easter 1776 was just over £1.55 million of which only £80,000 (about five per cent) was spent on workhouse provision.

As well as parish workhouses, the survey of 1776-7 included a small number of other establishments including those run by the county Hundreds of: Blything; Bosmere and Claydon; Colneis and Carlford; Loddon and Clavering; Loes and Wilford; Mutford and Lothingland; Samford; Wangford. The cities of Bristol, Canterbury, Chester, Chichester, Exeter, Gloucester, and Norwich organised their own poor relief under Local Acts of Parliament. The survey noted that no returns had been received relating to the Local Act workhouses at Shaftesbury, the City of Hereford, Launceston, and the City of Worcester.

A further parliamentary survey in 1815 found that 4,094 parishes and townships in England and Wales were now 'maintaining the greater part of their poor' in workhouses. Since the sharing of workhouses was increasing, either under local acts, or under the terms of Gilbert's Act of 1782, the actual number of workhouses in operation was probably somewhat less than this figure. In the same report, the number of parishes in Wales making use of workhouses had gone up to 59.

Quaker Workhouses

From the end of the seventeenth century, the Society of Friends (the Quakers) operated workhouses for the Benefit of the Quaker poor at at Clerkenwell in London and at Bristol. Further details of each establishment are provided on separate pages.

Later Accounts

Eden's The State of the Poor, published in 1797, is an invaluable resource which documents poor law and workhouse operation in over 170 individual towns and parishes — many extracts from Eden are included in individual pages on this web site e.g. Bristol, am, Leeds, Liverpool, Oxford, Shrewsbury etc.

Bibliography

  • Eden, Sir Frederic Morton. The State of the Poor: A History of the Labouring Classes in England, with Parochial Reports, 1797.
  • Hitchcock, Tim. Paupers and Preachers: The SPCK and the Parochial Workhouse Movement in Lee Davison et al (eds), Stilling the Grumbling Hive: The Response to Social and Economic Problems, 1688-1750 1992, Alan Sutton.
  • Slack, Paul. The English Poor Law, 1531-1782, 1990.

[Poor Law Unions] [Home Page]