A parliamentary report of 1777 listed parish workhouses in operation at Shipston upon Stower (for up to 30 inmates), Admington (17), Blockley (40), Brailes (40), and one serving Broad Campden, Chipping Campden, and Wessington (70).
In April 1724, the Chipping Campden parish overseers agreed to employed workmen to put a house in repair for use as a workhouse. In 1776, the property, at the east side of what is now Sheep Street, could house 70 paupers. The building was demolished in 1838 and the materials used to build the Gainsborough Terrace cottages at the east side of the plot.
Blockley's workhouse was built in 1740 on the High Street next to the Vicarage. Milton Court now occupies the site.
By 1815, Moreton in Marsh was relieving eight paupers in a workhouse.
Shipston-on-Stour Poor Law Union formally came into existence on 19th October 1837. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 40 in number, representing its 34 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one):
Worcestershire: Blockley (2), Shipston-on-Stour (2), Tidmington, Tredington (2).
Warwickshire: Barcheston, Brailes (2), Burmington, Butlers Marston, Cherrington, Church Tysoe (2), Compton Wyniate, Halford, Honington, Idlicote, Ilmington, Oxhill, Pillerton Hersey, Pillerton Priors, Stourton, Stretton-on-Fosse, Whatcote, Whichford, Great Woolford, Little Woolford.
Gloucestershire: Admington, Batsford, Bourton-on-Hill, Chipping Campden (2), Ebrington, Hidcot Bartram, Lemington, Mickleton, Moreton-in-Marsh (2), Quenton, Sutton, Todenham.
The population falling within the Union at the 1831 census had been 19,030 with parishes ranging in size from Compton Wyniate (population 23) to Blockley (2,015) and Shipston-on-Stour (1,632). The average annual poor-rate expenditure for the period 1833-35 had been £12,972 or 13s.8d. per head of the population.
The Shipston-on-Stour Union, which included parishes from Warwickshire and Worcestershire, was originally allocated for statistical purposes to the "poor-law county" of Worcestershire but from the 1850s was reassigned to Warwickshire.
The union's new workhouse was built in 1836-8 at a site on Dallingscott (now Darlingscote) Road to the north of Shipston-on-Stour. The Poor Law Commissioners authorised an expenditure of £5,500 on the new building which was to accommodate up to 300 inmates. Its location and layout are shown on the 1900 map below.
Shipston-on-Stour adopted the popular cruciform layout, with an entrance/administration block at the south, behind which were accommodation wings for the different classes of inmates radiating from a central hub.
A chapel was later erected at the south-west of the workhouse.
After 1930, the workhouse became a Public Assistance Institution under the control of the Warwickshire County Council. It later became known as Shipston House.
The eastern parts of the buildings survive but in recent years had become derelict.
Note: many repositories impose a closure period of up to 100 years for records identifying individuals. Before travelling a long distance, always check that the records you want to consult will be available.
- Warwickshire County Record Office, Priory Park, Cape Road, Warwick CV34 4JS. Relatively few local records survive. Holdings include: Guardians' minute books (1866-1930); Admissions and discharges (1900-45).
- Higginbotham, Peter The Workhouse Encyclopedia (2014, The History Press)
Unless otherwise indicated, this page () is copyright Peter Higginbotham. Contents may not be reproduced without permission.