A workhouse existed in Leominster from around 1729 (Hitchcock, 1985).
Kimbolton had a parish workhouse located to the south of the village.
Kingsland's parish workhouse, still known as The Poorhouse, was located on Longford.
Leominster Poor Law Union was formed on 15th June 1836. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 32 in number, representing its 25 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one):
County of Hereford:
Aymestrey (2), Bodenham (2), Croft, Docklow, Eye, Eyton, Fordsbridge, Hatfield, Hope-under-Dinmore, Humber, Kimbolton, Kingsland (2), Laysters, Leominster Borough (4), Leominster Out Parish (2), Lucton, Luston, Middleton-on-the-Hill, Monkland, Newton, Orleston, Puddlestone, Stoke Prior, Shobdon, Yarpole.
Later Additions: New Hampton (1858), Hampton Wafer (1858).
The population falling within the union at the 1831 census had been 14,730 with parishes ranging in size from Croft and Fordsbridge (population 33 each) to Leominster Borough (4,300). The average annual poor-rate expenditure for the period 1833-35 had been £6,022 or 8s.2d. per head of the population.
Leominster Union workhouse was built in 1836-8 to the north of of the priory church of St Peter and St Paul. The architect was George Wilkinson who was responsible for other Herefordshire workhouses at Ledbury, Bromyard and Weobley. Broadly following the popular cruciform layout, it incorporated a large 15th century block originally belonging to the priory. The workhouse location and layout are shown on the 1902 map below.
The single-storey entrance block at the west of the workhouse contained the board-room and clerk's office to the south, a waiting hall at the centre, and porter's room and receiving room to the north. To the rear of the entrance block were men's and boys' yards separated by a block in between. Running parallel to the entrance block was the chapel-cum-dining-hall. Female accommodation was to the rear.
The monastic block at the north may have originally be an infirmary. It was adapted for use as day room and dormitory accommodation.
The workhouse buildings later became the Old Priory Hospital and then as offices for Herefordshire County Council. In 2001, part of the building was taken over for use as a youth hostel.
By the 1920s, the Leominster Union established a children's home at 46 Etnam Street, Leominster. It later became the council-run Norfolk House Children's Home. The property is now a home for the elderly.
- Herefordshire Record Office, Harold Street, Hereford HR1 2QX. Very few records survive. Holdings include: Guardians' minute books (1852-1930 with gaps); Deeds and plans (1836-41).
- Hitchcock, T.V. (1985) The English workhouse: a study in institutional poor relief in selected counties. l695-l750. (DPhil thesis. University of Oxford.)
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