Ancestry UK

Uppingham, Rutland

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Up to 1834

In 1732, the parish of Hallaton purchased a building for use as a workhouse with money bequeathed for the purpose by the Revd. Benjamin Bewicke. The parish subsequently acquired various property including a close called the Workhouse Close, whose rents contributed to the poor rates.

A parliamentary report of 1777 recorded a parish workhouse in operation in Uppingham with accommodation for up to 40 inmates and at Halloughton [Hallaton] for 16.

A parish workhouse in Belton is believed to have operated in the nineteenth century in the building (now a garage) next to 5 Main Street.

A building on the High Street in Gretton was once used as the parish workhouse.

Gretton former parish workhouse, 2004.
© Peter Higginbotham.

Medbourne's had a parish workhouse from the late 1700s. It was situated on Main Street where the old smithy now stands.

After 1834

Uppingham Poor Law Union officially came into existence on 23rd April 1836. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 36 in number, representing its 35 constituent parishes as listed below.

County of Rutland: Ayston, Barrowden, Belton, Bisbrooke, Caldecott, Glaston, Liddington, Morcott, North Luffenham, Pilton, Preston, Ridlington, Seaton, South Luffenham, Stoke Dry, Thorpe by Water, Uppingham (2), Wardley, Wing.
County of Leicester: Blaston, Bringhurst, Drayton, Easton Magna, Hallaton, Holt, Horninghold, Medbourne, Slawston (until 1895), Stockerston.
County of Northampton: Fineshade, Gretton, Harringworth, Laxton, Rockingham, Wakerley.
Later Additions: Beaumont Chase (from 1861).

The population falling within the Union at the 1831 census had been 11,027 with parishes ranging in size from Holt (population 42) to Uppingham itself (1,754). The average annual poor-rate expenditure for the period 1833-5 had been £8,068 or 14s.8d. per head of the population.

Uppingham Union workhouse was built in 1836 at a site on the west side of the Leicester Road at the west of Uppingham. The architect was William J Donthorn who was responsible for the design of many workhouses in the east of England including those at nearby Oakham, and at Ely and Wisbech in Cambridgeshire. The Poor Law Commissioners authorised an expenditure of £4,200 on construction of the building which was intended to accommodate 158 inmates. The site layout and location are shown on the 1902 map below:

Uppingham Site, 1902.

Uppingham entrance from the north-east, c.1916.
© Peter Higginbotham.

Uppingham main block from the east, 1929.

Uppingham from the south-west, 1929.

Uppingham main block from the south, 2000.
© Peter Higginbotham.

Uppingham casuals' block from the west, 2000.
© Peter Higginbotham.

In 1916, the site was taken over by the Red Cross as a military auxiliary hospital and the then inmates were transferred to the workhouses at Oakham and Stamford. The workhouse never re-opened and in 1926 the site was sold for £2,500 to Uppingham School, who remodelled the buildings. The school still occupies the premises.

Uppingham main block from the east, 2000.
© Peter Higginbotham.




Note: many repositories impose a closure period of up to 100 years for records identifying individuals. Before travelling a long distance, always check that the records you want to consult will be available.


  • Uppingham — A Picture Book of a Unique School by W Metcalfe (Spiegel Press).


  • None.

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